Botulinum toxin A, which is called with a brand name of Botox, is a kind of protein which is released from an anaerobic bacterium called Clostridium botulinum (The same toxin that found in canned foods and sometimes causes food poisoning) This toxin inhibits the release of acetylcholine at the neuromuscular junction and prevent contractile command to muscles, In fact it is a temporary muscle paralysis. This toxin is provided for medical applications as a pure, sterile, and weak products which are offered in the form of single unit vial – two units – three units and four units under different names. In medical science, Botox is used for different issues like removing wrinkles of the forehead, frown lines and around the eyes. Also in non-beauty issues, we used Botox to relieve spasms (contraction of one or more muscle) muscle cramps especially caused by migraines, reducing perspiration in hand, foot, axillary, underarms or fix strabismus.
The effects of Botox usually begin during two or three days after injection and after ten days it reaches to the desired effect.
The duration of this effect will be around 4 to 6 months, if Botox is used properly and with high quality, the maximum effects of it may be little headache or sometimes slight bruising around the eye area and forehead, and it is removed during 3 to 4 days. Sometimes more important events occur Such as ptosis or drooping eyelids, swelling, redness, skin allergies and rarely systemic allergy.
At first, it was old women, who used Botox, but this injection to eliminate wrinkles quickly spread in the world, till young girls between 25-20 years old and also men are as Botox applicants. Most people have at least one injection of Botox are interested in re-injection; at least in Tehran daily 2 to 3 thousand refers are existed for injection Botox to clinics. There are many reasons for the high demand of this injection like positive influence and fit it on the skin to eliminate the effects of wrinkles, Low cost of Botox injections instead of, skin surgery, the time of recovery is short but the duration of its effect is long and etc.